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Relocated industry causing shortage

March 29, 2020

The current global health crisis highlights the flaws in industrial production, most of which revolve around the financialization of trade.


The sources of supply, the providers, are chosen according to the financial benefits, not to human needs.


Thus, the "value chains" come from distant countries, and the resulting low costs are often the reflection of an undervaluation of labor wage, or ill-considered acts leading to the pressure on planetary resources.


Our large companies, subject to these distant and cheap choices, are currently paying the price. They are experiencing supply disruptions for their production chains and can no longer turn to local providers, sunk by financial choices.


In turn, they are under strong pressure, forcing them to stop production.


Even more serious, this relocation penalizes our health services. The masks that would allow health workers to protect themselves so that they can continue their mission with the populations are out of stock because the Chinese factory is paralyzed.


Will there be an “after Covid 19” in industrial behavior?


Will decision-makers stop funding decisions when “normal life” returns?


Sure of the choices of our founder from the 2000s, to create a local industrial fabric by the establishment of small production units at the place of consumption, we strongly reaffirm the three values ​​of our company:

- Innovation, because our work offers another way of thinking about industry, mobility, energy storage.

- Humanism, because man must be at the heart of all action,

- Ecology, because we must favor the preservation of our planet,

Alternative energy storage: a major challenge for the 21st century.

February 23, 2020

Getting out of hydrocarbon energies, using more green energies, limiting global warming ... So many wishful thinking who are faced with the resolution of a fundamental problem: the storage of energy linked to an easily exploitable return.


Almost all renewable energy sources have the same problem: their production is irregular.

The wind does not always blow, rivers and tides have intensities of different powers, the sun is not always there ...

This even constitutes one of the first defects put forward by the detractors of these sources, however inexhaustible: their storage poses a problem.


The energy challenge of the 21st century revolves around this problem: the storage of energy, its return to the network continuously without producing CO2 and NOx.


Ingenious systems have already been implemented to solve this problem.

The pumped storage technique optimizes the resources of hydroelectric lakes.

A lower reservoir than the other recharges an altitude lake during hours of energy abundance and low consumption.

The destocking of this resource is requested at times of high network consumption.

130 gigawatts of energy storage are installed in the largest industrialized countries, including China. 128 are related to pumped storage in dams. Only 2 are electric battery systems.


Another interesting idea of ​​a start-up to store energy when it is abundant: go up, at the top of a tall tower, and using heavy cranes, heavy concrete blocks.

During periods of high consumption, their mass decreases by operating a generator. A bit like the clocks with the weight of our ancestors trained the mechanism of our counties.


The flywheel is also called to the rescue of energy storage. An ingenious start-up suggests spinning a heavy cylinder of smooth concrete at high speed in an empty space to eliminate friction. The power generated for the gyration of this weight, always during periods of high production, would be recovered using a generator when the demand of the network requires it. We talk about 90% efficiency ...


All of these inventions testify to the ingenuity and prolixity of researchers.

They will all be confronted with economic realities, with the notions of technical feasibility and practicality. A common point between all these suggestions: the movement and the weight of the materials is at the heart of their solutions.

CAAES (Compressed Air As Energy Storage) uses ambient air to store it in a tank under high pressures. Of course, compression supposes energy consumption and loss. The absence of heavy materials, the ease of installation in all places, gives this solution a significant advantage. The air is everywhere.

One virus and everything is seized

February 13, 2020

The world's plant, China coughs, is seized up. The people caulk. Each one in his closed door communicating outside only by counted expeditions. We look at each other, measure the temperature of the other. The economy is stalling, even contracting and freezing.

Which David defeated Goliath? A microscopic organism, a virulent virus.

Beyond human tragedies, this epidemic calls into question the globalized economic functioning. The supply chains of the automotive, electronics, clothing, and so many other industries are squeezed. China supplies the world with so many manufactured products whose production is interrupted ... We must then rethink its supplies, but from whom? The middle kingdom, through its low costs, has shattered many competitors, who were sometimes within our immediate geographic reach. That's when you realize that low prices aren't everything.

Since its creation, MDI has been developing the concept of circular economy to raise awareness of the planet’s limited resources and the need to save them. These environmental, economic and social issues are at the heart of an international emergency. The UN praised MDI's expertise and its approach for a circular economy, in 2016, by awarding us an "Award" during its approach "Powering the future we want":


For an industrial and territorial ecology: the production of vehicles is carried out in small production units, on a human scale (no more than 80 people) who manufacture and sell their products locally, and remain close to the final consumer. This production principle is suggested for all licenses sold worldwide.

For a sustainable supply, taking into account the environmental and social impacts of the resources used, in particular those associated with their extraction and exploitation.

For eco-design: the materials used in the design of the vehicle are recyclable: engine aluminum, bodywork fibers, mechanical parts. The vehicle is sober by its weight and its consumption of raw materials. At each stage of the product life cycle, in purchasing choices, during manufacturing, all stages as "green" as possible.

The epidemic event in Asia may serve as a trigger for a new way of thinking about economics and ecology. It is also an approach that is simply a matter of common sense and a healthier relationship between people and nature.

A 1000 billion “New deal”?

January 26, 2020

"Green Deal" and ecological transition ... The great UN climate conference began on January 15, 2020. The ambition displayed by Ursula von der Leyen last December: fight against global warming and make the EU's first economy neutral in terms of greenhouse gases here 2050. Wishing to propose a law in March 2020, the European President is looking for investments that would relate to innovation, research or even green technologies. The desired law would make the transition to climate neutrality irreversible. The European Investment Bank would then support the project with 1000 billion euros for 10 years. Or 100 billion a year for the whole of Europe. This funding for a more virtuous economy should be directed towards European regions that emit more CO2. The illustration shows the megawatts produced on the abscissa and the CO2 emission per KWh on the ordinate. The electrical production of European countries appears here according to their relative emission in carbon impact.

Replace all heat engines?

January 26, 2020

We regularly receive notices from Internet users telling us a number of vehicles which they think could be powered by our compressed air engine. It is true that our concept makes it possible to replace many motors. However, in certain cases, certain engines remain to be preferred for purely practical reasons. The use of energy in the form of compressed air implies storage favoring short and medium journeys. For example, equipping long-haul aircraft with this concept would be unrealistic. Let us be lucid: the share reserved for thermal engines will still be preponderant for one or even two decades, whatever we regret for ecological reasons. The other so-called clean, electric and hydrogen technologies, and even other innovative perspectives, will also retain a share of the non-thermal engine market. The replacement of a fraction of the engine fleet, by our compressed air solution, for soft mobility and energy storage, requires an industrial ramp-up which will be spread over the short, medium and long term. The help of substantial investors will allow us to go faster in order to bring out our ecological and economic solution. On our site,, we indicate the products already developed, in the industrialization phase, and the projects to be industrialized in the future. The development of ecologically and economically viable solutions, such as ours, is possible with the support of major economic and political actors, but also with the accompaniment of citizens concerned about the future of their children.

Interview with Côme Girschig

September 26, 2019

the Boulonnais Côme Girschig, 24, has been appointed by the United Nations to represent France at the first youth summit for the climate. MDI interviewed him.  


MDI: What is the message and the intention that you delivered during the meeting New-York?  


Côme Girschig: The intention was to harmonize the voice of the world's youth, to give it a base, a common base that would have served in return at national levels. A statement has been published, but it is currently not very recovered.  


MDI: According to you, what is the state of mind of youth facing climate challenges?  


CG: Youth is passionate about this complex cause. This passion stems from a fear of the urgency that is confirmed every day and translates into a form of enthusiasm for change.  


MDI: New technologies are part of a possible response to environmental issues. Changing consumption patterns too. What is your opinion on this subject ?  


CG: Changing consumption patterns is obvious. It will go through the best and the least. Technology will be used to build this transition, it is undeniable, provided you fit it properly. These technologies will have to meet the low tech criteria (reduction of the complexity in particular of the materials, evaluation in LCA of all the elements including the fuels, etc ...)  


MDI seeks to spread clean technology. Have you heard of it before?  


CG: I have never heard of your company and I will be happy to know more. What I have seen so far seems very convincing.

Even though Europe is still fueling oil…

September 15, 2019

The latest annual report of the International Energy Agency (IEA) provides a pessimistic diagnosis of the evolution of global crude oil production in the next few years. According to this document, the supply of Europe could become uncertain:

"The risk of oil's tight supply is significant, [...] Over the last three years, the average number of new approved conventional oil projects has been only half the volume needed to balance the market to 2025. It is unpromising that shale oil will take over alone. Our projections already predict a doubling of US shale oil supply by 2025. However, this is expected to more than triple to compensate for the continuing lack of new conventional projects. "

The oil industry finds almost no conventional oil, providing nearly three-quarters of the global supply of fuels. Moreover, this oil production declines in a large number of historic oil areas, taking the North Sea as the case study in this area. Even the American shale oil boom will not be enough to fill the gap.

World oil production is therefore liable to experience a forced decline before 2025. Europe is particularly vulnerable since now is the largest importer of oil on the planet. Europe is standing with nearly 500 million tons (Mt) of crude oil imported in 2017, far ahead of China (about 415 Mt) and the United States (about 350 Mt). Europe would be the first continent to notice a constraint on the world crude oil production due to its supplies and its competition with these two geopolitical giants. The circulation of oil tankers, if it were to be thwarted by clashes between states, would be an example contradicting the supply of Europe. A vivid example is the Strait of Hormuz blockage in a context of confrontation Iran / US or any other geopolitical event in producing countries.

Furthermore, the preparation of the recent Multiannual Energy Program (EPP) seems to have ignored the question of the durability of future oil supplies for France.

To conclude, the energy transition will have to be both more coherent and audacious to mitigate these risks of reduced fossil energy.

Ultra-fine particles: ANSES alert and AirParif calculations

July 22, 2019

We already knew the fine particles, captured by the catalytic converters, were harmless to our health. However, there is Alas, the health-threatening ultra-fine particles.

These ultra-fine particles size is a thousandth of a millimeter. Even though they are invisible to the naked eye, they enter our lungs and blood vessels. These particles are one of the principles causes of premature deaths through strokes and heart problems. The french agency ANSES (National Agency for Sanitary and Environmental Safety) announced the most feasible solution to improve the sanitary situation, limit the car traffic. A suggestion that may upset more than one driver, yet we need to change our behavior.


How to reduce risk?

ANSES was able to assess the impact of technological choices by performing simulations on car traffic. To diminish the average pollution levels is mandatory the promotion particulate filters, the reduction of diesel vehicles, and the increase of electric cars. Even though the WHO's (World Health Organization) standards are still outdated, two solutions are remaining, the reduction of road traffic and the promotion of electricity. These practices would reduce annual emissions of small particles (PM2.5) by at least 30%. However, it would be necessary to change our habits that have less impact or no impact on air quality by using public transport, cycling, and walking.


Finally, the ANSES experts remark a different source for the particles apart than the exhaust, the brake systems and tires abrasion on the road. These particles break up to nanometer size, remaining suspended in the air and affecting our respiratory system.


Need to measure the quality of the breathed air? 

Although the situation has improved in recent years, in 2018, nearly one million people in Paris have been exposed to an annual average exceeding European limit of 40 micrograms / m3.

The chronic exposure to nitrogen dioxide, one of the most harmful air pollutants, is now measurable thanks to Airparif's 24Air service.


Commissioned in July 2019, this system can evaluate not only the average annual exposure to this irritating gas but also the formation of another pollutant, ozone.

The exposure origin varies but mainly comes from exhaust pipes gases. To calculate your exposure, you must enter on the site your daily routine, your address, place of work, outdoor activities, and modes of transport you use.

For each defined period, 24 Air indicates the level of pollution, from exceptionally low to remarkably high. Also, this application offers a chart calculating the annual daily average considering the number of hours of exposure at each pollution level.

If you are in the red, you are beyond the European limit.


Why should we be aware of this information?

The decision of living in one place more than another, it's a question of choice. However, if you do not plan to relocate, this application enables you to be conscious of your behavior and reduce your exposure.

Some of the practices to consider are ventilating your home during off-peak hours, avoiding the main axes by foot or limiting the use of the car.


The safest way to have a healthy environment is still to avoid polluting it. Recall that the air engine produces neither gas nor fine particles; it only emits cold air. This solution gives a significant asset to have a breathable and sanitary atmosphere in urban areas. 

Let's change our behaviors.

Towards drastically lighter vehicles

July 11, 2019

France Stratégie(1) states an undeniable truth on its June's report; we are facing a climate emergency. Transportation accounts for a large share of global warming climbing the disaster into a peak. Political figures will see the need to provide a restrictive response to align the builders' activities.


After 25 years of uninterrupted decay, CO2 emissions in the laboratory have grown throughout 2018 regarding the massive and constant SUV.

Now, we ask, are people aware of the relation between the weight of the vehicle and its fuel consumption? Mentioned that, what are the thoughts about their carbon footprint? Considering is only one person to drive it.


Car manufacturers are currently facing political and ecological challenges regarding the constraint of producing a prominent share of vehicles according to their sales. Mentioned this, the government has made significant investments in EVs. However, the production of batteries is also polluting activities regarding the extraction of minerals.


The report states that Europe could be inspired by Norway, introducing a bonus-malus on weight. Heavy vehicles, including EVs, are heavily taxed. For example, Audi Q8 ask for 20 000 € tax. This scenario would then move towards a "polluter pays" principle, where light and low-pollution models would be favored.


Basing on the last statements, we have the objective of designing small, light vehicles adapted to our transportation needs, with a clean propulsion mode.

Moreover, we can revive UN's recommendations of sustainable energy solutions, where MDI's expertise was recognized by the UN in the field of energy storage and clean mobility.

The AirPod, light vehicle for two people, with a mobility system clean. Getting closer to the cleanest solution.


You can be part of this solution!



(1) France Stratégie is an institution directly linked to the prime minister of the French government

Crit'Air 1: we are green

July 06, 2019

Recent traffic restrictions in European cities, as well as the creation of LEZs (Low Emission Zones),
are driving vehicle drivers to choose a more suited vehicle. These restrictions will not be a
challenge for our future AirPod drivers.
Indeed, the classification of the vehicles is carried out in application of the articles L. 318-1 and R.
318-2 of the highway and environment code. The article D224-15-12 establishes the list of the
sources of energies for vehicles classified as extremely low emission.
We must search cautiously in legal documents to find where our compressed air vehicles will be.
Ultimately, they appear in the same division as electric and hydrogen vehicles having the green
sticker Crit 'Air 1, the best classification possible.

We sincerely understand the wait and need for evidence concerning the solutions we offer.
However, we had identified multiple steps prior to the launching on the roads:
The presentation of CA (Compressed Air) energy choice of the vehicle for the drivers' registration
Before the hybrid or rechargeable category, compressed air vehicles are considered to have the
highest rating of Critt'Air for driving around the city.
With this vignette, you can at any time circulate in an RCZ (Restricted Circulation Zone). Also,
drivers can run during restriction of circulation's periods, issued by the prefecture (mostly due to
episodes of air pollution).
Since the terms of the legislation are set up, our vehicles will be on the road in 2020, allowed to be
driven without legal or geographical constraints.

Presentation of the Air'Volution by MDI for Veolia.

June 21, 2019

On June 22, 2019, MDI delivered to Veolia the Air'Volution for the metropolis of Lille. This non-compacted waste collection vehicle is the first industrial vehicle powered by compressed air on public roads in the 21st century.

It's a big step for MDI, with strong symbolic significance.

For several years, MDI SA, its subsidiaries CQFD Air Solution and MDI Prod, are working on the realization of this industrial vehicle that combines several singularities.

The most important feature is, of course, its propulsion. What makes moving the Air'Volution is neither gasoline, diesel, nor electricity. The truck's fuel is compressed air. The air is compressed under 248 bar and stored in filament winding carbon fiber tanks. The vehicle concedes no smoke in the wake, no loud noise, no pollution, no carbon dioxide, and no fine particles allowing only cold air expelling from the muffler. A simple and inexpensive solution to the pollution problems of urban centers and health repercussions.

This industrial truck is the outcome of a close collaboration between MDI's subsidiaries and our customer Veolia, for their users' optimal efficiency. The ergonomics of access to the cabin, to the work accessories (high-pressure cleaner, collection tray), allows the rippers to work in comfort and safety, without noise or pollution in the streets.

The vehicle moves at a reduced speed, adapted to the collection. The absence of noise and pollution allows proximity to users of public roads and facilitates the relationship between service providers and residents: an enjoyment that benefits everyone.

Throughout the development of the vehicle, since the start, the design has been minded. We believe collection vehicles in an urban context can be not only light and clean but also smooth and modern. For MDI, the thoughtfulness in the design in the range of MDI vehicles is fundamental. The AirPod2.0, soon produced, also attracts the drivers with its modern and bold design. The aesthetic proposal is thus entirely part of MDI's objective to design the clean, functional, and economical vehicles of tomorrow.

The delivery of the Air'Volution is a symbolic event for MDI, as the engine model that equips this vehicle will also include all future MDI products: industrial vehicles, individual, and energy storage systems. The announcement on the public road is the pivotal moment before the industrial production of this engine.

MDI ensures the highest contractual confidentiality vis-à-vis its principal industrial partners (Tata Motors and Veolia). The Air'Volution of Veolia on the public road makes visible the work done. The public can now clearly recognize the reality and validity of the compressed air technology for vehicles, and the positive impact it can have on our environment. In the wake of this event, we invite readers concerned by the safeguarding of our planet, to participate, through a collaborative financing platform, in the co-financing of our next French vehicle manufacturing plant. You can visit our site for further details.

Let's make together a more breathable planet.

Has Tavares' skepticism flourished?

May 21, 2019

Carlos Tavares, boss of PSA, had shared his thoughts about the electric: "The world is crazy. The fact that the authorities order us to go in a technological direction, that of the electric vehicle, is a big enigma. I would not want in 30 years to realize this path is not as reliable as it looks with the recycling of batteries, the use of rare materials on the planet, on the electromagnetic emissions of the battery while recharging. There are no impact studies, nor 360-degree studies of what 100% electric mobility means. Governments and politicians in the European Union are to take the scientific responsibility for the choice of technology ".

The European Commission had already made marked and definite political choices regarding the preservation of the environment and the decline of diesel. These incentives led the big players of the auto industry to bet big on the electric car. They ask too promptly to change for new energy.

Interrogators, some advocate caution, or turn away from the lithium battery. Principal German manufacturers are turning the tables on their strategic choices for the electrical sector.

Bosch, the largest automotive supplier in the world, decided to partially abandon the battery cells (in favor of hydrogen). Bosch will begin the development of fuel cells, which should allow, in the relatively near future, to roll heavy trucks with hydrogen.

For its part, Degenhart, the number one of Continental, has warned against a unilateral commitment vis-à-vis the battery-powered electric cars. For him, the battery-powered car is ideal when it comes to urban travel, on compact cars and light and with small batteries. However, for longer journeys, on the highway, or for professionals, the fuel cell would be more suitable.

By taking in consideration these two visions of the automobile market, we can draw a landscape where electricity would reign over the urban and suburban asphalt when the asphalt of the great courses would be the realm of hydrogen.

Audi would meet production problems for the launch of its 100% electric SUV.

In addition to the Atlantic, Tesla would be concerned about supply problems with some components (such as nickel, copper or lithium), used to assemble its batteries. Elon Musk's company would consider the shortage of these components due to the demand's anticipation. Investments in the mining sector would be insufficient to support a growing market.

As if batteries can take the real bet?

Speaking about batteries, how, in Europe with highly indebted states, replace the billions of euros of VAT revenues and fuel taxes if everyone rolls on electric? This subject has already been mentioned by the report of the OPECST (French Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technical Choices), for France. For instance, In France, 37 billion euros of taxes on petroleum products feed a budget always looking for balance. How to do without it?

We live in a changing world, with large ecological stakes, unstable state budgets, increasingly demanding societal demands, where citizens ask clean energy while wanting to maintain their consumer comfort. We have in our hands the urgency of adopting a new power system,  new players, new technology or the merging of all.

Living on credit with the Ecology while making political choices

May 12, 2019

If humanity consumes as many resources as Europeans, we would use the equivalent of 2.8 Earth planets to support ourselves, predicts a report of the association WWF (World Wild Foundation)


From Friday 10 May, the European Union is revealed that exceed the capacity of its territory to support its inhabitants and enters into ecological deficit. In five months, EU citizens have fished more fish, cut more trees, grown more land, emitted more greenhouse gases than oceans and forests can absorb in the whole year.


Mentioned this unbalanced ecological situation, the parliaments of two European states have just declared the climate emergency. The measure aims to provide a political basis for actions to combat global warming. Initially adopted by the United Kingdom and then by Ireland. 


Parliamentarians emphasize the fact that now, politicians and citizens must act. 

Mobility Law: a place for compressed air vehicles.

May 05, 2019

In France, in the context of the project mobility law, point 14 refers to the deployment of LEZ (Low Emission Zones) for more breathable air in cities.


These cities will limit access to these LEZs to certain clean vehicles, according to different dimensions regarding the boundary, periods, among others.


We are pleased to note that the French Senate has adopted amendment 1036 at first reading, specifying which vehicles are suitable for driving in these LEZs where compressed air vehicles are part of the list.


Nowadays, on the sites of the prefectures, the energy choice "compressed air" is proposed for vehicles registration, officially recognized by the government.


With the current  Mobility Law, all French agglomerations with more than 100,000 inhabitants will have to study the feasibility of this solution.


The French Government is committed to putting in place the regulatory and legal conditions necessary for the effective deployment of these areas.


We are thrilled that the Mobility Law now validates our compressed air technology, reinforcing our image as a clean vehicle. We hope that the other countries of the European community will follow these policy choices for more breathable air in cities.

Yes to less carbon dioxide emissions.

April 12, 2019

European manufacturers will have to reduce the use of CO2 for the production of vehicles. While the European Commission asked for its reduction for the 30%, the European Parliament voted 37.5% less emission. The first level of reduction is imposed at 15% by 2025.


The manufacturers must follow the rules, otherwise, they will be strictly financially penalized. The amount of the penalty will be calculated, according to the basis of emissions excess.


Aside from the CO2 reduction targets, the text adopted by the Parliament is requiring an assessment of emissions during a lifetime. Therefore, it should be considered construction, usage, and recycling for this matter.


"As a Parliament, we have fought vigorously to safeguard the environmental integrity of the proposal and bring real health, consumption and innovation benefits to European citizens," said Miram Dalli, rapporteur of the text.


These political demands revealed an overwhelming majority of 521 votes in favor, 63 against and 34 abstentions. This result shows how people's mentalities have evolved considerably throughout time.

Lithium: under the "salt flats" of the highlands.

April 07, 2019

What is a salt flat? A salt flat is a bright white surface; a desert of salt that can be found on the high plateaus of Alti Plano. Uyuni is the largest salt desert in the world and contains one-third of the exploitable lithium reserves of the planet. An area of almost 10 500 km2.


Under the salt flats, large amounts of lithium, which is becoming more valuable than oil, can be found. Lithium is an essential component of computer batteries, mobile phones, and other electronic devices. Its worldwide consumption has been around 40,000 t in 2017, which had increased 10% per year since 2015. In just three years, the price of lithium has almost tripled and continues to evolve frantically.


This increment may extend further with the high demand for electric cars. Automakers are pushing electric wings, with support from governments concerned with green images. For example, a Tesla Model S uses a battery pack containing approximately 63 kg of lithium compounds or as many as 10,000 mobile phones.


In Latin America, Argentina, Chile, and Bolivia have 70% of the world's lithium reserves. A windfall that arises strong economic growth. Nevertheless, there is a price to pay. Lithium is particularly difficult and expensive to obtain.


Michel Armand, researcher emeritus of the CNRS and inventor of the Lithium battery, told us in an interview: "Lithium is not in abundance on Earth. It is not formed and the only Lithium that we have it was formed during the Big Bang."


Lithium requires extraction and purification processes prior to its use, also, technology and investments for refining and extracting. Having these two key sources led these countries in Latin America to opt for strategies encouraged by their own political and environmental situations.


None of these three states has yet taken a decisive advantage in this lithium race. The first who will be able to refine the metal will win the competition. In the meantime, members of the lithium triangle are still totally dependent on foreign investors and their technology.


Chile has initiated the nationalization of a large part of pre-existing operations. Moreover, they are trying to promote the establishment of product refining companies by offering tax advantages and preferential prices. This strategy has the human and financial means to meet it and liberal policy in its mining management.


Bolivia wanted to make the people proud by nationalizing resources and managing its own mining capabilities. The Bolivians have the largest reserve of accessible lithium in the world. Unfortunately, due to the lack of government funding, Bolivia's soil remains virtually untapped due to lack of infrastructure and investment.


Argentina has adopted measures similar to that of Chile. But in the absence of a territorial development policy coupled with a transfer of technology, this openness risks the exploitation of resources without any guarantee of return on investments.


Apart from the economic outlook, there might be environmental concerns related to the exploitation of lithium. The extraction and refining of Lithium are highly polluting. Governments are looking for the most appropriate way to deliver their people the benefit of this new energy. The extraction procedure is still in its infancy. Let's hope that with the extraction, they will be able to establish ecological governance for the exploitation of this resource of the XXI ° century.

Climate: Energy giants have spent $ 1 billion on lobbying since COP21

March 27, 2019

ExxonMobil, Shell, Chevron, BP, and Total garnered $ 55 billion in profits in 2018, a record year for GHG emissions. Mentioned that, for making the world remain below the critical threshold of +1.5 °C of warming, the UN climate experts called for a drastic reduction in the use of fossil fuels.


The five protagonists have, since COP21 at the end of 2015, spent a billion dollars on lobbying and public relations "contrary" to the conclusions of the Paris agreement on climate, says in its report the British NGO Influence Map.


Despite their proven support for controlling global warming, the five groups spent these amounts on lobbying to "expand their fossil fuel operations." The NGO explains that the majors have maintained "a continuum of actions" to attack, control regulations or guide the media. Millions spent in "climate marketing" via professional associations in negotiations with legislators and elected officials.


The report states that of the more than $ 110 billion in capital investment planned for 2019, only $ 3.6 billion is for low-carbon projects.

Air pollution: 67,000 deaths in France per year.

March 13, 2019

China and India are over polluted. Not only because of their rampant industrialization, but also for their use of coal for electricity production. Nevertheless, Asia is not the only player in air pollution; Europe could be twice as deadly as the figures so far. A recent study published an alarming report holding that air pollution is responsible for 8.8 million deaths a year worldwide, where 67,000 were in France. According to German ESC researchers (European Society of Cardiology) between 40 and 80% of these premature deaths would be due to cardiovascular diseases, related to this air pollution.


Even though we can prevent smoking, we cannot avoid the consequences of polluted air.


In its annual report published in October 2018, the European Environment Agency considered that the fine particles (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2, emitted by diesel engines) and Ozone (O3) that consists air pollution, was responsible in 2015 for 518 000 premature deaths in 41 European countries and 480 000 in the EU.


According to this study, the global excess mortality attributed to air pollution averages 120 deaths per year per 100,000 inhabitants. This rate is higher in Europe (133 deaths), although the controls are stricter than in other regions. "This is due to the combination of poor air quality and high population density, which leads to some of the highest exposure in the world," says Professor Lelieveld, a German ESC scientist.

Just for the record, in France, the estimate is 67,000 deaths, a rate of 105 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.


In response to this disturbing verdict, the founders of the study consider an urgent matter to lower the thresholds for exposure to fine particles. The EU average annual limit for PM2.5 is 25 micrograms per cubic meter, which is 2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations.


The European Commission may face the circumstance of adapting the health requirement according to these estimates. However, we know that many lobbyists gravitate in this institution, financed by companies with polluting activities.

When will the air be clean?

Manufacture batteries for electric vehicles?

March 05, 2019

President Macron had stated: "[...] We can not be satisfied that the production of batteries in Asia for electric cars is the optimal solution".

Moreover, on April 14, 2018, we shared this on our website the article The challenges of the automobile of tomorrow are played out in China and Africa. The Asian hegemony for extraction, refining rare earth and lithium was a problem. Now it is done.

Nowadays, they are fewer than ten companies in the world, all in Asia, to overcome the production of car batteries. Car and battery manufacturers have therefore agreed to set up in the cars, cell batteries in production units.

Volkswagen plans to produce around 50 different 100% electric models by 2025. Say, about 3 million cars a year.

It is needed 150 GW per year exclusively for these vehicles. It would take no less than "4 gig-cell battery factories" to meet the demand, not to mention other brands in the group.

Volkswagen has consequently undertaken, with the help of SK Innovation, the construction of a "Giga factory" of batteries.


With this agreement, LG Chem, a Korean car battery manufacturer, and Volkswagen supplier showed a red light and threatened to cease all supply. The same threat presently implemented.

The West has let Asia grab a dominant posture in the manufacture of electric batteries and its components. When one puts oneself in such a weak position, one takes the risk of living in critical circumstances.

A relevant partnership focused on shared mobility.

February 14, 2019

MDI has joined into a partnership with Luxembourgeoise Moovee to boost its performance in the fleet market.

Moovee specializes in fleet management and offers a multimodal shared mobility solution. The expertise in fleet management of Moovee is positioned as the missing link in the mobility sector of employees and a company. Having been placed already in most of Luxembourg corporations as well as international companies, Moovee is now positioned as a leader in B2B mobility in Europe.

Our partnership with this exceptionally successful company foretells the mobility of tomorrow through the "Maas" (Mobility As A Service). The fleets of companies coveting to acquire our AirPod2.0 will be able to experience its service with flexibility and agility thanks to the Moovee co-operation.


Fleets of shared vehicles are managed by a digital platform in connection with other vehicles and shared services.


Through an application, you will be able to access, book and manage the vehicle's services. No need for any exchange of keys.  Next February 21, 2019, we will be present at the Flotauto show in Villepinte, with Moovee, to present our AirPod2.0 and this highly advanced solution for managing fleets and services.

Link2fleet Luxembourg

January 16, 2020

The corporate fleet market is an ideal target for clean vehicles.

To solicit these target audiences, Cyril Nègre, CEO, and Monique Bertho, General Manager, participated in the "Link2fleet Luxembourg" show on December 11, 2018. Cyril Nègre took part in the experts' debate on "Mobility at the heart of all issues"

MDI will also be present at the "Flotauto" show in Paris on February 21, 2019.

Electric vehicles: strong growth but limited market.

January 16, 2020

2018 will be the warmest year in terms of climate but also for the electric vehicle market. They accounted for 40,000 units sold, in France, an increase of nearly 27% compared to 2017. In contrast, the overall market share still represents only 1.5% of new registrations.
The french government has increased its support for electric vehicles by announcing a doubling of the conversion bonus (up to 80% of the purchase price with a ceiling of 5,000 euros) for non-taxable persons (tax income from reference per share less than or equal to 6,300 euros)
However, one of the following two conditions must be respected:
• the workplace is more than 30 kilometers from the home,
• the person travels more than 12,000 kilometers a year with his personal vehicle as part of his professional activity.
For new electric M1 or utility N1 vehicles, the ecological bonus amount remains similar in 2019 and represents up to € 6,000 (up to a limit of 27% of the acquisition price, plus the eventual cost of renting the vehicle). drums).
As a totally clean vehicle, the green bonus should be able to apply to our AirPod2.0

Shows and publics relations. MDI at the european parliament

December 12, 2018

Every other year, the European Parliament hands over to the representatives of European Companies during a session which takes place in the Hemicycle in Brussels. It is the opportunity for the business managers to introduce demands to  the Parliament, and present their individual perspectives  during votes on sensible themes
As part of  the Luxemburg Delegation, our General Manager Monique Bertho, has expressed herself in front of the assembly.

MDI to the French Parliamentary Committee for the evaluation of technological choices.

December 12, 2018

Nicolas Hulot, then French Minister of Ecology and Sustainable Development, announced the halting of gasoline and diesel vehicles commerce by 2040.

The feasibility of this decision must be evaluated by parliamentarians, within a commission of the OPECST (Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices).

MDI requested the parliamentary to acknowledge its compressed air technology for the early 2019 report. Throughout this acquaintance, we expect the avoidance of only electrical and hydrogen as identified solutions.

It is done. We are waiting for the report with interest.

Carbon dioxide, methane, and lithium strained statistics.

December 03, 2018

Last year, we shared on our website information indicating the concentration of carbon dioxide reaching the threshold of 400 ppm (parts per million) air molecules in 2015. The World Meteorological Organization estimated 403.3 ppm in 2016, and now the boundary has been crossed at 405.5 ppm in 2017. Its atmosphere abundance has increased by 146% since the beginning of the industrial era. The secretary-general of the UN agency for meteorology, Petteri Taalas, said: The last time the Earth had a comparable level of CO2 was 3 to 5 million years ago when the temperature was 2 ° C to 3 ° C higher and the sea level was 10 to 20 meters higher than current levels.


An anthropogenic contribution


The burning of fossil fuels process has aggravated the greenhouse effect and accelerated global warming. Carbon dioxide contributes to 82% of the increase in radiative forcing over the last decade, measured in W/m2, same that remains in the atmosphere for over a year. Hitherto, there is a difference between the energy received from the rays of the Sun and coming out of the atmosphere. The latest IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) special report indicated that the increase in global average temperature would not exceed 1.5 ° C if carbon dioxide emissions were halted immediately, which is unthinkable.


Moreover, the alarming rise of methane continues, with a peak of 1859 parts per billion of air molecules in 2017. However, it is the human activities (livestock, fossil energy production, waste fermentation, biomass combustion) that attributes the increase in the concentration of methane in the atmosphere.


The electric batteries and lithium needs


Lithium's demand could double or even triple by 2025 considering the increasing production of electric automobiles. According to UBS, if all cars were to be  electric in the world, the demand would then be multiplied by 30. Considered as the "new essence", this resource is subject to growing tensions considering its mining and economic appropriation.

It will be necessary to think otherwise.

November 05, 2018

When Ford founded the eponymous company in 1903, he saw the car to provide mobility for people around the world.

More than a hundred years later, this promise of freedom grants us with difficulties. Long journeys and traffic jams issues that were once associated exclusively with cities such as London, New York or Tokyo, are currently spreading in the emerging economies of the world.


As the global population grows and prosperity increases, the number of vehicles on the road could double to two billion or more by 2050 with more than half of this global population living in cities. Consequently, there will be more congestion, longer journeys and a growing demand for fuel resulting in a scenario that will not be compatible with the goal of saving the planet. This transport perspective is not sustainable. The car should not be considered as an individual vehicle but as part of a larger transport network. Cars need to become smarter, fully integrated into the transport ecosystem, and most importantly totally clean, non-polluting and ecologically built. Did classical builders understand it? Awareness of the population seems to emerge, which may perhaps open new doors.

Rise for the climate

November 03, 2018

Nearly 80 protests were planned in France  including in small cities such as Dijon, Saint-Etienne, Clermont-Ferrand, Auch or Angers. Friendly and suitable for all, these protests express a concern that became an important subject. Moreover, there are very few of them who are now climate-skeptical.

The participants got together for the next event on Friday 23 November 2018 all over France, or more ?

Remove all thermal vehicles by 2028.

September 27, 2018

Greenpeace Belgium issued a report advocating the total disappearance of all thermal vehicles in 2028. A necessity to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees in 2100.


The NGO says that sales of gasoline, diesel, and even hybrid vehicles will have to stop by 2028.


The research, conducted by the NGO and the German aerospace center, asserts that this shift is essential to stay below the + 1.5 degrees in 2100. Also, the fleet of vehicles currently in circulation will have to fall by 80% by 2035.


The 43 million "polluting" vehicles that run in France emit more nitrogen oxides than the norm . That's 14 million more than before the Dieselgate , and 34.3 million more than in Germany.


The numbers might be increasing unless you start driving in compressed air, produced locally for and by a local population, without any pollution, nor chemical battery.

 Specify what kind of the norm. Is it a norm in France’ Is it global?

 What is Dieselgate? Is it a location? Is it something related to diesel?

Europe sliced: end of polluting vehicles in 2040.

September 27, 2018

The Commission in charge of the environment in the European Parliament has adopted ambitious objectives for the reduction of CO2 emissions. It proposed to vote for the reduction of average emissions by 30% for the entire fleet of passenger cars by 2030 compared to 2021.

Low-emission models, regardless of the technology used, are one of the solutions for a significant reduction of emissions in the sector. Parliamentarians set a sales quota of 20% in 2025 and 40% by 2030.

If these levels are exceeded, a carbon bonus system may be introduced. Builders who fail to do so would be penalized. The fines would then be used to finance the recycling of discarded vehicles.

MEPs aim for the end of polluting vehicles by 2040 when only zero-emission models will be allowed for sale. Compressed air vehicles strictly correspond to these European intentions.

Green Californy

September 17, 2018

California wants 100% green electricity in 2045
The Democratic governor enacted a law on Monday to completely decarbonize the production of the world's fifth-largest economy in a quarter of a century.
San Francisco recently hosted a preparatory meeting for the Cop 24, California Governor Jerry Brown enacted a 100% carbon-free electricity law by 2045. He also signed a decree setting out objective of a carbon neutral economy, including the automotive sector, at the same time. "It will not be easy, not immediate, but it must be done," he said. Previously, only the state of Hawaii had made such a commitment.

Short news Septembrer 2018

September 16, 2018

Antonia Gutterez said it at the UN tribune :

Climate change is the defining issue of our time – and we are at a defining moment. If we do not change course by 2020, we could miss our chance to avoid the disastrous consequences of runaway climate change. The time for ambitious #ClimateAction is now.


The method adopted in 2015 during the adoption of the climate pact is unprecedented: no sanction is planned for the countries. Each state sets its targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions - objectives for the moment largely insufficient to limit to 2 ° C the rise in global temperature before 2100, the Earth being at + 1 ° C compared to in the pre-industrial era.


CO2 emissions by China, the world's leading polluter, and the rest of Asia continue to grow strongly. In total, the world continues to emit more and more. The goal of the coming years is to stop, finally, this growth.


"If we do not manage to change the global emissions curve in the next two or three years, it is extremely unlikely that we will be able to limit the temperature rise to 2 ° C," says Johan Rockström, a leading Swedish climate scientist. We are right at the hinge. Are we going to lose a new decade? "

There are two years left to act. What will the leaders do? Civil society ? The details ?
Our compressed air engine concept is one of the solutions to respond to these climate changes.

Introducing our compressed air technology at ArchSummit Expo

May 02, 2018

Team Motor Development International (MDI) participated at the Arch Summit Expo, Luxembourg, the 3rd and 4th of May. Surrounded with undergoing innovation exhibits of global tech leaders and startups, our booth shared projects and presented our products based on the disruptive compressed-air technology invented by Guy NEGRE: AirPod 2.0, AirBom Light, AirPower and its latest product, AirWall.


For these two days we did not the only network with some of the pioneer and entrepreneurial-spirited companies but also, we could meet investors and industrials interested in implementing the MDI Technology in specific projects or devices. Moreover, we attended conferences with leading speakers such as Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Xavier Bettel.


We also had the privilege to welcome to our booth, Etienne Schneider, Luxembourg Minister of Economy who showed great interest in our projects, as reported by T. Bruno in the Wort article

MDI at Hannover Messe meeting

April 22, 2018

From April 23rd to 27th, for the first time, Team Motor Development International (MDI) attended, along with 5000 companies from 75 countries from various sectors, one of the most prestigious industrial fairs: Hannover Messe Fair 2018, Germany.

While participating in collaboration with and support of the Chamber of Commerce of Luxembourg’s principal booth, we were able to get in touch with many entrepreneurs, investors, engineers and followers of our work, and other industrials   interested in introducing us their innovative products, services, and technology in order to create synergies (or other wording if incorrect English, but keeping the meaning)

Furthermore, we got the chance to share with Top Level Deciders like Mrs. Ramona Frick and Mr. Pascal Frederik Rogalla top-level members of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy who were enthusiastic and requested information regarding our energy storage solutions.

We had the opportunity to demonstrate them our cutting-edge technology based on compressed air as well as our mobility and energy storage products.

During the event, we had the honor to welcome to our stand some of the eminent personalities such as Luxembourg’s Ambassador to Germany, Jean Graff, who showed great interest and enthusiasm for our projects

For those 5 days, our company had the opportunity to create contacts and strength links for today and future projects throughout the world. As Guy Negre said: “Today there is a worldwide need to change”. (I never saw that wording, but it you are sure).

Emissions on the life cycle of a vehicle: what does Europe want ?

May 16, 2018

Europe continues the reports and studies on the impact of "green" vehicles throughout their life cycle, arguing most often for a carbon-free production, especially at the battery level. Europe says it : the solution will lie in the adoption of a light vehicle, modest and somewhat independent from certain raw materials. Yes. Which?

MDI within the economic mission of Luxembourg in Paris

April 18, 2018

MDI has participated to  the official Luxembourg economic mission on 19th and 20th March in Paris.

Invited by the Chamber of Commerce of the Grand Duchy, Cyril Negre, Annic Negre and Monique Bertho joined the delegation of Luxembourg industrialists in Paris and accompanied the state visit in France of the Grand Duke and the Grand Duchess.

Chinese market and congolese extractor

April 13, 2018

China is the key player in the automotive market of tomorrow. Not only in terms of sales volumes: the strategic choices of Chinese policies will affect the entire world market. Especially for so-called "clean" vehicles. But at what price and what consequences will ensue? What alternative does the compressed air technology offer?

Diesel and ultra fine particles: do not have this article read to your lungs.

February 27, 2018

We know it since the last "diesel-gate": the car manufacturers are aware that not only the diesel engine no longer a panacea, but it is also a major risk engine for health.

At the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, our President Cyril NEGRE is invited by UN.GSII to present the MDI project during the SDG Lab

January 24, 2018

In Davos, once a year, world leaders, heads of state, business leaders, and other political leaders from around the world gather with intellectuals and journalists. It discusses the most urgent problems of our planet including in the field of the environment, and it is an opportunity for the designers of possible solutions to present their work.

It is in this respect that Cyril Nègre is invited to present our concept, its ecological advantages and also its economic interest, favoring the circular economy.

Rare earths : Electric cars are as much or more polluting than diesel cars.

January 29, 2018

Germanium, boron, lithium, scandium, graphite, cobalt, indium, promethium, tungsten and other lanthanides are among the rare earths in the periodic table of Mendeleyev elements. Under these terms of austere chemical names lies the future of many advanced technologies and our "eco-mobility".

Big problem: China appropriates a quasi-monopoly of the extraction and the refining of the rare earths,.

MDI interviewed Michel Armand, the inventor of the Lithium battery.

January 11, 2018

Mr. Armand has dedicated his life to research. He is particularly known as the inventor of the lithium battery, which equips all your small electrical devices, your phones, but also the current electric cars.

Very prolix, Michel Armand has filed more than 150 patents, is a double medalist CNRS where he was director of research and of which he is still emeritus.

We asked him his opinion on developments in electric batteries, and also in our compressed air process.

Tesla: an awesome industrial concept but a harder reality.

October 16, 2017